Name in Smith, 1943 : Trimeresurus albolabris

Current Scientific Name :

Trimeresurus albolabris  Gray, 1842

Common Name : White-lipped Pit Viper

Trimeresurus albolabris  Gray, 1842
White-lipped Pit Viper

Material Examined :

Description & Scalation : Body stout. Head triangular, distinctly broader than neck; scales on upper surface of head small, smooth. Eye with virtical pupil. Heat sensing pit between nostril and eye. Internasals larger than adjacent scales on the upper surface of head, touching or separated by a single scale; supraoculars narrow entire, broader than adjacent scales, 11 scales on a line between them; 3 postoculars; temporals obtusely keeled. Scales smooth or moderately keeled in 25:23:15 rows; supralabials 10-12, first partly united with the nasal; one row of small scales between elongate subocular and supralabials; infralabials 14; ventrals 160-173; subcaudals 61+1, paired; tail short, strongly prehensile; anal entire.

Coloration : Bright green above, with or without a white ventro-lateral stripe extending from nostril to anal; yellowish green below. Tail reddish brown on top for more than 3/4th its length dorsally and half its length completely.

Natural History : Nocturnal. Arboreal to semi-arboreal. Mostly seen in forested areas and around fresh-water streams also low bushes, plantation and near human habitations. Known to prey on frogs, birds, skinks, lizards and small rodents. Aggresive and strikes in a lightning speed. Ovoviviparous, bear 7-16 young at a time that resemble adults. No death case been reported due to the bite by this species In Nicobars. Grows up to 1.1m.

Distribution - India : Recorded from Car Nicobar in Nicobar Group, also West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh. Elsewhere : Thailand, Indonesia, China, Myanmar, Macao, Taiwan, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.

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Visitors Since 15th June 2012.
Last Updated Date 13 August 2013.